Prominent pro-democracy leader is already in prison and has also been charged under the national security law.
Hong Kong pro-democracy activist Joshua Wong will face an additional 10 months in jail for participating in an unauthorised assembly on June 4 last year to commemorate the brutal 1989 crackdown in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square.
Wong, 24, already in prison due to other illegal assembly convictions and among 47 activists charged under the city’s sweeping national security law, was sentenced in the District Court on Thursday.
A 15-month sentence was reduced to 10 due to his guilty plea for attending the vigil. He will have to serve the sentence consecutively, instead of concurrently.
Last year was the first time the June 4 vigil was banned in the territory, with police citing coronavirus restrictions on group gatherings, as it did for all demonstrations last year.
Still, tens of thousands of people defied the restrictions and lit candles across the city in what was largely a peaceful event, except for a brief skirmish with riot police in one district.
#BREAKING #HongKong activist Joshua Wong has been jailed for 10 months for participating in the banned June 4 candle light vigil to commemorate the 1989 #TiananmenSquareMassacre last year, consecutive to 4 months he is currently serving for another protest-related case pic.twitter.com/m0XYtn39tt — Damon Pang (@damon_pang) May 6, 2021
Commemorations of the Tiananmen crackdown are banned in mainland China, but Hong Kong traditionally held the largest vigils globally every year, having been promised certain freedoms when it returned to Chinese rule in 1997, including rights of expression and assembly.
Judge Stanley Chan also sentenced Lester Shum, Jannelle Leung and Tiffany Yuen to between four and six months. Twenty others facing similar June 4 Tiananmen Square anniversary charges are due to appear in court on June 11.
“Freedom of assembly is not unlimited,” Chan said.
“The sentence should deter people from offending and reoffending in the future.”
‘Respect to the Party’
The anniversary struck an especially sensitive nerve in the former British colony last year, falling just as Beijing prepared to introduce new security legislation which punishes anything China sees as subversion, secession, terrorism or collusion with foreign forces with up to life in prison.
This year’s June 4 Tiananmen Square anniversary event is particularly awkward for Beijing, which celebrates the 100th anniversary of the Communist Party, and is expected to be banned as well.
When asked whether commemorating the victims of Tiananmen would violate the new security law, Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam last month said it was important to show respect to the party.
China has never provided a full account of what happened in 1989. The death toll given by officials was about 300, most of them soldiers, but rights groups and witnesses say thousands of people may have died.
Defying a government ban, thousands of Hong Kong protesters took part in a candlelight vigil last year to mark the 31st anniversary of the crackdown of pro-democracy protests at Beijing’s Tiananmen Square in 1989 [File: Tyrone Siu/Reuters] Wong was given a 13-1/2 month sentence in December in relation to an unlawful anti-government rally on June 21, 2019 and an additional four-month sentence for participating in an unauthorised protest in October 2019 while also breaking a government law against wearing face masks.
While in prison Wong was also arrested in January on suspicion of breaking the new security law, which was introduced in July 2020, by taking part in an unofficial vote to pick opposition candidates for a since-postponed election, which authorities describe as a “vicious plot” to “overthrow” the government.
The charge related to the new security law carries the harshest sentence of life imprisonment.